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History of Vojvodina and Panonian plain

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The Danube region in Serbia was until three hundred years ago only sparsely populated due to its large areas of swampland and waterways. The Pannonian Plain, which bordered the left bank of the Danube, was 80% covered in water and unsuitable for habitation. Nevertheless, many have passed through these parts down the ages: the Illyrians, the Thracians, the Celts, the Dacians ¬– then there were the Romans, the Goths, the Sarmatians, the Huns, the Gepidaes, the Avars and the Franks. In the 6th and 7th centuries the Slavs settled here, and from the 10th century this region was under Hungarian and later Austro-Hungarian rule.

During the Middle Ages the Ottoman Empire had ambitious plans for the conquest of Europe and this route, due to its poor opportunities for defence, was most suitable for use in this undertaking. In fact the Turks ruled this region for around 150 years, reaching the gates of Vienna on two occasions.

For these reasons, the Austro-Hungarians chose to reinforce the defences of their great empire right here on the Danube, launching the most ambitious project of its time in Europe – the building of a canal through the Pannonian Plain and the settling of various peoples here from almost all over Europe.

Besides the people who already lived in these lands (mostly Hungarians, Serbs and Romanians), SETTLING BEGINS with: Danube Swabians, Slovaks, Czechs, Rhutenians, Ukrainians, Slovenes, Serbs and Croats from Slavonia, Dalmatia, Bosnia and other parts of the Balkans, and even Spaniards, Italians, French, Jews, Armenians and Poles. Bulgarian Catholics, Gypses and numerous other smaller ethnic communities also found refuge here, in what was for all of them a kind of Promised Land.

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